1. In preoperative patients, are shorter preoperative fasting periods safer than the traditional practice of NPO after midnight regardless of the time of the scheduled surgery?
2. In pre-operative patients, could a designated number of hours each patient fasts yield more favorable post-surgical outcomes, as compared to the standard protocol of each patient fasting beginning at midnight regardless of surgery start time?
3. Does current EBP support shorter fasting times, compared to the standard protocol of NPO after midnight for elective surgical patients?