Since our nation was founded by people who wanted religious freedom, it seems natural that the Founding Fathers would embrace Locke’s belief that religion and government should not have any control over each other. That’s why our First Amendment is very clear that the government cannot create a state religion or prohibit people from exercising their religious beliefs.

• One of Locke’s main arguments in support of religious toleration is that it reduces the threat and civil unrest posed by religious minority groups. Do you agree? Why or why not?

• What evidence can you present to support the view that secular states, like the U.S., are stronger than religious ones (like those in which the religious leaders govern the country)? You will also need to explain what you mean by “stronger,” whether it is some sort of social coherency or literal power or both.