IN PEOPLE DIAGNOSED WITH DIABETES (P), HOW DOES EDUCATION (I), OR NO EDUCATION (C), AFFECT COMPLIANCE RATES (O), WITHIN THE FIRST FIVE YEARS (OR FIRST YEAR) OF DIAGNOSIS (T)?
In people diagnosed with Diabetes (P), how does education (I), or no education (C), affect compliance rates (O), within the first five years (or first year) of diagnosis (T)?
P=families of people diagnosed with diabetes
I=shifts in daily life
Conducting a literature search to locate the types of reports identified above (see purpose). Research reports should be selected from peer reviewed nursing journals:
1. The first page of the paper will include your PICO(T) and PICo questions agreed upon by the journal club group, your reasons for working with these questions, followed by an overview of your search strategy, findings and the reason you selected the articles you chose (interest, limited options, etc.)
2. The main body of the paper will consist of an annotated bibliography (consisting of one quantitative, one qualitative, and one synopsis/review of the literature report). An annotated bibliography is a useful strategy for keeping tract of readings (research or otherwise). As an annotated bibliography, it contains a “citation” and an “annotation”. The “citation” means that you begin by sharing the citation information (using APA format) of the selected research report.
The “annotation” aspect can include a variety of things, depending on your purpose. We are early in the process of learning more specifically about research designs, sampling, and credibility measures. However, you should be able to include the purpose of the study, its paradigm origins, the ethical practices undertaken, the conceptual or theoretical focus taken, and the findings (what new knowledge was generated)? If it is helpful, you may want to checkout web resources related to annotated bibliographies, e.g. http://www.lib.sfu.ca
Fulbright, S. A. (2010). Rates of depression and participation in senior centre activities in community-dwelling older persons. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 17, 385-391.
This quantitative study examined the effect of participation in senior activity centers and the incidence of depression among older community living people. Depression in the elderly can be difficult to address due to stigma, or its subtle expression, however it can have serious consequences such as substance abuse, suicide and/or disruptions in family life, and overall quality of life. Bandura’s Social Cognitive Theory provided the conceptual framework for the study, with particular emphasis on self-efficacy and social support. Attendance at a seniors activity centre (a measure of self-efficacy and social support availability) was the independent variable, and incidence of depression was the dependent variable. Data were collected using appropriate measures (measures of social support and depression). Analysis revealed that for 88% of those who attended senior centre activities and indicated the availability of friends, especially ones “one could rely on”, measures on the depressive scale were within normal limits (meaning, no depression was in evidence). No specific implications of these results for nursing practice are offered, however, the authors highly the senior center as an opportune place for nurses to integrate health promotion practices for older adults.
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